Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Nurses Teachers
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal,
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in Brazil and worldwide, being influenced by the presence of risk factors. In the current life context, these factors are increasingly present in individuals, also related to occupation, which require extensive workload, performance, reasoning, goal plan and maximum dedication from the individual, as is the case of undergraduate teachers in Brazil.
Objective: To identify cardiovascular risk factors in teaching nurses of a private higher education institution (HEI) in Belém, PA, Brazil.
Study Design: A cross-sectional, descriptive survey study with a quantitative approach. At a private HEI in Belém-PA, in March and April 2019.
Methodology: Performed with 11 teachers nurses that the HEI had. A form was used on the teacher's profile and risk factors. Data were analyzed by simple descriptive statistics through the Bioestat 5.0 program.
Results: They are young adults, married, with an extensive workload; 45.45% of them have already had alterations in the HDL and LDL levels, with a family history of Systemic Arterial Hypertension 72.73% and Diabetes Mellitus 81.82%. 45.45% use oral contraceptives. They have a low-fiber diet, rich in lipids and sodium, and practice physical activity. 72.73% consume alcoholic beverages, and none are smokers.
Conclusion: The teaching profession, due to extensive workload and stressful activities, offers a risk for inadequate nutrition, sedentary lifestyle, and lack of time for leisure. These factors are associated with other existing factors, which may increase the chances of cardiovascular diseases in these professionals.
- Cardiovascular diseases
- risk factors
How to Cite
Silva TAN, Aquino LJ, Fernandes VLS, Zani HP, Evora PRB, Vento DA. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in higher education teachers: Integrative review. RESU Rev Educ em Saúde [Internet]; 2016;4(1):108-13.
[Cited 2019 Apr 12]
Carvalho C, Fonseca PCA, Barbosa JB, Machado SP, Santos AM, Silva AAM. Association between cardiovascular risk factors and anthropometric indicators of obesity in university students in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. Ciên Saúde Colet. 2015; 20(2):479-90.
Mendes CML, Cunha RCL. The new technologies and their influences on the practice of physical activity and sedentary lifestyle. Rev Interfaces [Internet]. 2013;1 (3):1-23.
[Cited 2019 Apr 12]
Santana OA. Post-graduation teachers: Risk group for cardiovascular diseases. Acta Sci Educ [Internet]. 2011;33(2):219-26.
[Cited 2019 Feb 12]
Moreira OC. Prevalence of coronary risk factors in university prefers [dissertation] [Internet]. Viçosa: Federal University of Viçosa; 2010.
[Cited 2019 Feb 15]
Faludi AA, Izar MCO, Saraiva JFK, Chacra APM, Bianco HT, Afiune Neto A. Update of the Brazilian directive on dyslipidemias and prevention of atherosclerosis - 2017. Arq Bras Cardiol [Internet]. 2017;109(1):1-82. [Cited 2019 Apr 15]
Costa RP, Ferreira PAM, Junior FCM, Ferreira ASP, Ribeiro VS, Nascimento GC. Cardiovascular risk factors and their relationship with the level of education in a university population. Int J Cardiovasc Sci [Internet]. 2015;28(3):234-43.
[Cited 2019 Apr 12]
Fagundes CN, Corso ACT, González-Chica DA. Epidemiological profile of hypertensive and diabetic patients registered in primary health care, Florianópolis-SC. Rev Pesq Saúde [Internet]. 2017;18(1):28-34.
[Cited 2019 Jun 15]
Brito MB, Noble F, Vieira CS. Hormonal contraception and cardiovascular system. Arq Bras Cardiol [Internet]. 2011; 96(4): e81-9.
[Cited 2019 Feb 14]
Echer IC, Corrêa APA, Ferreira SAL, Lucena AF. Smoking in a nursing school in southern Brazil. Text context-enferm [Internet]. 2011;20(1):152-9.
[Cited 2019 May 12]
Garcia LP, Freitas LRS. Alcohol abuse in Brazil: Results of the 2013 National Health Survey. Epidemiol Serv Saúde [Internet]. 2015;24(2):227-37.
[Cited 2019 Jan 15]
Veronezi ML, Ribeiro LFC. The biological effects of drinking alcoholic beverages. The challenges of Escola Pública Paranaense in the perspective of Professor PDE. Cadernos PDE [Internet]. 2014;1:1-21.
[CITED 2019 Apr 18]
Xavier FA, Barboza Figueiredo L, Monteiro AMP, Santos LC, Oliveira DR. Cardiovascular risk factors among teachers at a Minas Gerais public university. REME Rev Min Enferm [Internet]. 2010;14(4):465-72.
[Cited 2019 Mar 17]
Mira GS, Graf H, Cândido LMB. Retrospective view in dietary fibers with emphasis on beta-glucans in the treatment of diabetes. Braz J Pharm Sci. 2009;45(1):11-20.
Gouveia AC, Bonaventure CM. Coronary risk factors among health and exact teachers of a private higher education institution. E-RAC [Internet]. 2015;33(3):1-6.
[Cited 2019 Jan 19]
Rabbit CF, Burini RC. Physical activity for prevention and treatment of chronic non-communicable diseases and functional disability. Rev Nutr [Internet]. 2009; 22(6):937-46.
[Cited 2019 May 26]
Abstract View: 2224 times
PDF Download: 837 times